AskDefine | Define scutum

User Contributed Dictionary

see Scutum

English

Etymology

From scūtum, shield

Noun

scutum
  1. An oblong shield made of boards or wickerwork covered with leather, with sometimes an iron rim; -- carried chiefly by the heavy-armed infantry of the Roman army.
  2. A scute.

Latin

Pronunciation

  • /ˈskuː.tum/

Noun

  1. shield
  2. italbrac specifically oblong wooden shield carried by the Roman infantry.

Descendants

Extensive Definition

For the Roman shield, see scutum (shield);
For the zootomical term, see scute.
Scutum (, lang-la shield) is a small constellation, one of the 88 modern constellations. It is one of the few constellations (along with Coma Berenices) that owes its name to a historical figure instead of a mytholigical being or object.
The original name Scutum Sobiescianum (Sobieski's Shield) was introduced in late 1683 by Hevelius as commemoration of the victory of the Polish forces led by Polish king and hero John III Sobieski in the battle of Vienna.
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Notable deep sky objects

ASSS Scutum contains several open clusters, as well as a globular cluster and a planetary nebula. The two best known deep sky objects in Scutum are M11 (NGC 6705), the Wild Duck Cluster, a dense open cluster, and M26, another open cluster also known as NGC 6694. The globular cluster NGC 6712 and the planetary nebula IC 1295 can be found in the eastern part of the constellation, only 24 arcminutes apart.

Mythology

Being a modern constellation, Scutum has no mythology associated with it. It was designed to represent Janina Coat of Arms of Polish king John III Sobieski with cross of Jesus Christ.

References

  • Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
scutum in Bengali: স্কুটাম মণ্ডল
scutum in Belarusian: Сузор'е Шчыт
scutum in Bulgarian: Щит (съзвездие)
scutum in Catalan: Escut (constel·lació)
scutum in Czech: Souhvězdí Štítu Sobieského
scutum in Corsican: Scutum
scutum in Danish: Skjoldet
scutum in German: Schild (Sternbild)
scutum in Modern Greek (1453-): Ασπίς (αστερισμός)
scutum in Spanish: Scutum (constelación)
scutum in Esperanto: Ŝildo (konstelacio)
scutum in Persian: سپر (صورت فلکی)
scutum in French: Écu de Sobieski
scutum in Irish: An Sciath
scutum in Korean: 방패자리
scutum in Croatian: Štit (zviježđe)
scutum in Italian: Scudo (costellazione)
scutum in Latin: Scutum (sidus)
scutum in Latvian: Vairogs (zvaigznājs)
scutum in Luxembourgish: Scutum (Stärebild)
scutum in Lithuanian: Skydas (astronomija)
scutum in Hungarian: Pajzs csillagkép
scutum in Dutch: Schild (sterrenbeeld)
scutum in Japanese: たて座
scutum in Norwegian Nynorsk: Skjoldet
scutum in Polish: Tarcza Sobieskiego
scutum in Portuguese: Scutum
scutum in Romanian: Scutul (constelaţie)
scutum in Russian: Щит (созвездие)
scutum in Slovak: Súhvezdie Štít
scutum in Finnish: Kilpi (tähdistö)
scutum in Swedish: Skölden
scutum in Thai: กลุ่มดาวโล่
scutum in Vietnamese: Thuẫn Bài
scutum in Turkish: Scutum (takımyıldız)
scutum in Ukrainian: Щит (сузір'я)
scutum in Chinese: 盾牌座
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